Title: The influence of an external waste carbon source on the rate of changes in pollutant concentrations during wastewater treatment

Alternative title:

Wpływ odpadowego zewnętrznego źródła węgla na szybkość zmian stężenia zanieczyszczeń podczas oczyszczania ścieków


Providing external sources of carbon to the treated wastewater often becomes necessary to achieve high efficiencies of wastewater treatment plants. The use of conventional sources of carbon brings high operating costs for wastewater treatment plants. This has become a prerequisite for the exploration of other, alternative, sources of organic carbon. The aim of the research was to confirm the effectiveness of the use of waste products, for example molasses, in the denitrification process, as well as to determine their influence on the rate of changes in pollutant concentrations during wastewater treatment. The studies were carried out during the process of municipal sewage treatment in two independent SBR-type activated sludge chambers on a laboratory scale. A single reactor operating cycle lasted 6 hours and included the following phases: wastewater supply (2 min), mixing (anaerobic) (60 min), aeration (210 min), sedimentation (60 min) and decantation (30 min). Molasses was added to one of the chambers in each cycle twenty minutes after filling the wastewater as a source of easily assimilable organic compounds. The use of a waste external carbon source during treatment of municipal wastewater resulted in a higher efficiency of removing nitrogen forms than in the control reactor while maintaining a high efficiency of removing organic compounds. The use of molasses during wastewater treatment resulted in an increased removal rate during waste water treatment. The rate of NUR denitrification in the molasses reactor increased by 2.48 mg N/dm3∙h compared to the control SBR. Molasses as a waste product can be successfully used as an external carbon source in the denitrification process.

Place of publishing:



Politechnika Koszalińska







Is part of:

Rocznik Ochrona Środowiska. Vol. 22, s. 526-536


Biblioteka Politechniki Koszalińskiej

Access rights:



Creative Commons BY-SA 4.0

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